Georgia

Infectious diseases — Table I

Officially
registered 
cases
of  sexually
transmitted diseases
Officially
registered
Hepatitis C cases
Officially
registered
AIDS cases
Officially
registered
HIV/TB cases
Estimated
HIV cases
Officially
registered
HIV cases
No data 140 000
(2015)1
3 652
(14.12.2017)2
61
(2016)3
12 000
[8 800-14 000]
(2016)3
6 727
(14.12.2017)5

HIV situation

As of the end of 2017, there are 6 727 people registered with HIV in the republic; UNAIDS estimates that the real figure is nearer 12 000 cases (2016). Despite these low figures, widespread drug use and mass population movements between high prevalence countries (such as Russia and Ukraine) put the country at high risk of an accelerating epidemic.

Since 2004, the country has received two major grants from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, which have been critical to scaling up the country’s National Response to HIV and AIDS. Significant progress has been made in treatment provision: UNAIDS recognises Georgia as a country that provides universal access to ART. However, despite good treatment availability, Georgia still has one of the highest rates of AIDS in Europe. Such a poor outcome for HIV patients is largely due to poor diagnostic capacity that results in delayed diagnoses, as well as poor management of treatment adherence and opportunistic infections.

In 2008-2009 the Georgian government has made a number of important policy changes that acknowledge the positive potential of harm reduction strategies. An important outcome has been the institution of state funding for methadone substitution therapy. However, highly restrictive drugs laws still present significant barriers to the implementation of HR interventions in both civil and correctional settings.